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Connecticut

Sec. 51-88

TITLE 51 COURTS

CHAPTER 876 ATTORNEYS

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Sec. 51-88. Practice of law by persons not attorneys.

(a) A person who has not been admitted as an attorney under the provisions of section 51-80 shall not: (1) Practice law or appear as an attorney-at-law for another, in any court of record in this state, (2) make it a business to practice law, or appear as an attorney-at-law for another in any such court, (3) make it a business to solicit employment for an attorney-at-law, (4) hold himself out to the public as being entitled to practice law, (5) assume to be an attorney-at-law, (6) assume, use or advertise the title of lawyer, attorney and counselor-at-law, attorney-at-law, counselor-at-law, attorney, counselor, attorney and counselor, or an equivalent term, in such manner as to convey the impression that he is a legal practitioner of law, or (7) advertise that he, either alone or with others, owns, conducts or maintains a law office, or office or place of business of any kind for the practice of law.

(b) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be fined not more than two hundred and fifty dollars or imprisoned not more than two months or both. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to any employee in this state of a stock or nonstock corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other business entity who, within the scope of his employment, renders legal advice to his employer or its corporate affiliate and who is admitted to practice law before the highest court of original jurisdiction in any state, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico or a territory of the United States or in a district court of the United States and is a member in good standing of such bar. For the purposes of this subsection, “employee” means any person engaged in service to an employer in the business of his employer, but does not include an independent contractor.

(c) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be deemed in contempt of court, and the Superior Court shall have jurisdiction in equity upon the petition of any member of the bar of this state in good standing or upon its own motion to restrain such violation.

(d) The provisions of this section shall not be construed as prohibiting: (1) A town clerk from preparing or drawing deeds, mortgages, releases, certificates of change of name and trade name certificates which are to be recorded or filed in the town clerk’s office in the town in which the town clerk holds office; (2) any person from practicing law or pleading at the bar of any court of this state in his own cause; (3) any person from acting as an agent or representative for a party in an international arbitration, as defined in subsection (3) of section 50a-101; or (4) any attorney admitted to practice law in any other state or the District of Columbia from practicing law in relation to an impeachment proceeding pursuant to Article Ninth of the Connecticut Constitution, including an impeachment inquiry or investigation, if the attorney is retained by (A) the General Assembly, the House of Representatives, the Senate, a committee of the House of Representatives or the Senate, or the presiding officer at a Senate trial, or (B) an officer subject to impeachment pursuant to said Article Ninth.

(1949 Rev., S. 7638, 7641; P.A. 82-248, S. 74; P.A. 91-324, S. 3; P.A. 95-137; P.A. 04-2, S. 1.)

History: P.A. 82-248 made technical revision, rewording some provisions and dividing section into Subsecs. but made no substantive change; P.A. 91-324 amended Subsec. (d) to provide that the documents are filed in the town clerk’s office in the town in which the town clerk “holds office” rather than the town in which he “resides” and to add Subdiv. (3) re a person acting as an agent or representative for a party in an international arbitration; P.A. 95-137 amended Subsec. (b) to add provision making the criminal penalties inapplicable to certain employees of business entities who render legal advice to their employers and to define “employee”; P.A. 04-2 amended Subsec. (d) by making a technical change in Subdiv. (3) and adding Subdiv. (4) re an attorney admitted to practice law in any other state or the District of Columbia practicing law in relation to impeachment proceeding, effective March 11, 2004, and applicable to any practice of law on or after January 26, 2004.

See note to Sec. 51-80.

Sec. 51-86

TITLE 51 COURTS

CHAPTER 876 ATTORNEYS

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Sec. 51-86. Soliciting persons to institute actions for damages.

(a) A person who has not been admitted as an attorney in this state under the provisions of section 51-80 shall not solicit, advise, request or induce another person to cause an action for damages to be instituted, from which action or from which person the person soliciting, advising, requesting or inducing the action may, by agreement or otherwise, directly or indirectly, receive compensation from such other person or such person’s attorney, or in which action the compensation of the attorney instituting or prosecuting the action, directly or indirectly, depends upon the amount of the recovery therein.

(b) Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months or both.

(1949 Rev., S. 7640; P.A. 82-248, S. 73.)

History: P.A. 82-248 made technical revision, rewording some provisions and dividing section into Subsecs. but made no substantive change.


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